Benefits of 5G in Internet of Things

İsmet Ergin • 5 Apr 2022
5G Post

5G is one of the fifth-generation technology standards of mobile communication. It is a powerful and fast wireless standard developed globally after 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G networks. 5G introduces a new type of network that can connect many things, including small objects, machines, and devices.

How Be Will IoT Affected by 5G?

5G technology is multiplying around the world, which is an essential development for the spread of the Internet of Things (IoT).

Different generations of wireless technology have led to the development of new devices. 1G, mobile networks in the first generations led to the widespread use of mobile phones. 2G technology supported the use of text, image, and multimedia messaging, while 3G made it possible to add video conferencing, video streaming, and voice-over IP. The advent of fourth-generation cloud computing paved the way for high-definition video and gaming services.

5G improves everything from driverless cars to smart renewable energy and artificial intelligence robots in factories by providing faster, stable, and more secure connections.

How Does 5G Work?

5G operates in much higher frequency ranges than 4G and earlier cellular technologies. LTE wireless technology from the fourth generation (4G) provides the basis for 5G technology. While transmitting signals over long distances requires high, large, and powerful cell stations, unlike 4G, with 5G technology, wireless signals can be transmitted through a small cell station placed in areas such as street lamps and roofs.

5G aims to provide multi-Gbps peak data rates, ultra-low latency, increased reliability, large network capacity, improved usability, and user experience to many users. It connects new industries while delivering new user experiences with exceptional performance and efficiency.

The widespread use of 5G is growing worldwide and will form the basis for the Internet of Things (IoT) to take place in every field. IoT is a collection of connected devices growing exponentially and will do even more in the years to come. Networks powered by 5G will significantly improve the performance and reliability of IoT devices. Let’s take a closer look at how 5G affects the IoT.

Benefits of 5G in IoT Technologies

Fast Data Transfer

It will be more convenient when IoT devices can communicate quickly with other devices. Having 5G running on networks will significantly increase data transfer rates. In this way, IoT devices will be able to work much more efficiently.

Peak Data Rate1 Gbps10 Gbps
Data Bandwidth2Mbps to 1Gbps1Gbps and higher as per need
Spectral Efficiency30 b/s/Hz120 b/s/Hz
TTI (Transmission Time
1 msVarying (100 µs (min.) to 4ms (max.) )
Latency10 ms (radio)<1 ms (radio)
Mobility350 Kmph500 Kmph
Connection Density1000/Km21000000/Km2
Frequency Band2 to 8 GHz3 to 300 GHz

Advanced mobile broadband (eMBB)

It aims to provide higher bandwidth and better latency in applications. As an extension of the 4G LTE network, eMBB strives to provide a substantial data rate, enhanced low growth, and coverage for virtual reality, telecommunications applications, and high-scale video. The fact that it offers high-speed quality service and internet access under challenging conditions is just one of the advantages of 5G technology.

Low Latency

The delay between sending and receiving information is called low latency. With low latency, sending and receiving data to software IoT devices will be efficient. Networks running 5G will provide relatively low latency. One of the biggest promises of 5G with its low latency is 1 ms. In practice, this time is 10 ms in many applications.

Device Capacity

Having the bandwidth to support more IoT devices, 5G will significantly contribute to the device capacity, which will increase the growth of IoT in the coming years.

Network Reliability

Networks running on 5G will ensure reliable and stable connections. Stability is crucial for IoT devices such as locks, security cameras, and surveillance systems to have a steady and dependable network state.

Artificial Intelligence

Wide-scale adoption of AI for large amounts of data will be accelerated by fast and efficient connectivity. 5G will help train, improve, enable AI models and transmit device data to the central cloud. For example, road data collected by vehicles will significantly improve cloud-based mapping. 

Virtual Reality and Gaming

5G promises a more vibrant future for gamers. Live high-streaming is boosted by the speed of 5G, with low latency, 5G gaming will get a massive boost from its rates, and thanks to ultra-low latency, 5G gaming will not depend on devices with powerful computing. While the game can be viewed and controlled on a mobile device simultaneously, storage, processing, and retrieval can be provided via the cloud. 

Ultimately, it will make progress on the 5G IoT. The Internet of Things will have revolutionized many areas of our lives, and 5G will provide much broader connections. Our cities will have more innovative equipment, our homes and cars will be equipped with smarter equipment, and they will be informing us. 5G technology will be the most significant contributor to the solid interconnected foundations of many things in the IoT. 

Raspberry Pi 5G Development Kit

Raspberry Pi 5G Development Kit is a compact, low-cost, high-performance platform that enables quick prototyping of next-generation wireless systems.

The kit is designed to help developers and enthusiasts build prototypes and proofs-of-concept around 5G, IoT, and edge computing. Check out our cutting-edge 5G solution for Raspberry Pi.

5G IoT Kit